Marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) is an ornamental and medicinal plant, and dry flowers have always been used for medicinal purposes. Marigold is a hardy flowering plant. It happens when the autumn is long and warm, the plants that are freshly grown surname winter without damage and early in the spring continue to rise. The root of Marigold spindle-shaped and grows deep in the ground. The branches are in the upper half of branch out and have a bright-green oblong leaves. Flower heads with a diameter of 5-10 cm are formed on the top of each stem. The fruit has a serrated outer edge and light to dark brown color.
Seed germination reserves 5-6 years, and shoots up very quickly, after 4-5 days of seeding. Marigold grows very rapidly, but the first flowers can flourish even after 40 days after germination. These bright orange flowers remain in the organic garden flowering until strong frosts. Plants get younger regular harvest flowers. Marigold is resistant plant, is not sensitive to drought, but likes a warmer climate. Young plants are not susceptible to spring frosts, the planting can be done as early as in February. Sessions in a row spacing of 50 cm, the depth of 3-4 cm.
The importance of Marigold in organic garden
Marigold is a very important citizen of organic gardens, and has its place and in the professional organic production. The sowing between rows of vegetables and ornamental plants protects against nematodes, mites, cabbage white butterfly, aphids, thrips… From leaves, flowers and fruits of this remarkable plant we can make a large number of protective equipment.
Picking flowers of Marigold
If you want to save these cheerful flower heads for making tea or medicinal preparations, harvesting carried out manually, preferably twice a week. Picked flowers immediately put to dry, and the dried flowers put on paper-bags and stored in a dry room.
Fermented extracts of Marigold against pests and nematodes
Take 1-2 kg of marigold flower and pour 10 liters of water and leave to ferment. After the process, drain the liquid and make 1:10 dilution. Spray the ground between rows of vegetables for increased resistance, better health of plants and fertilizing other plants.