Sciatica is characterized by pain in the lower back, hip through which descends into the back of the leg, and in certain cases involving the foot and toes. Usually occurs only on one side. The intensity of the pain varies. Most people recover without specific therapy.
Symptoms of sciatica
The main symptom is a sharp, burning pain accompanied by a feeling of numbness, weakness, numbness and Numbness. In most cases it occurs unilaterally, from the waist down along the leg. Certain positions of the body can affect the intensity of the pain, so pain usually increases when upright, walking, kneeling or bending at the waist while lying down, the pain decreases partially or completely disappears.
For the diagnosis of sciatica, it is primarily to take a good history and a detailed physical examination. In order to determine the cause of the occurrence of sciatica, in some cases required additional investigations as making X-ray, computed tomography and magnetic resonance.
– Setting cold or warm compresses. Place cold or warm compress on the painful area and leave on for about 20 minutes. Repeat about 2 hours. People suffering from sciatica often use cold compresses, although some of them warm compresses perform better in dealing with pain. So experiment and check which type of coating will help more.
– Drugs. Commonly used analgesics to relieve pain, muscle relaxants and others. In severe cases, apply cortical therapy.
– Physical activity. When this disease is an important exercise, but depending on the health status and severity of the disease, certain exercises are not recommended. So consult your doctor and follow the recommendations. It is important to emphasize that physical activity is not recommended during the period until you have severe pain. Once you pass the pain, it is advisable practice of light exercise.
– Surgical treatment. In some cases, the only treatment option is surgery, which fortunately is not required in most patients.